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2018年6月30日托福考题回顾及独立范文
资讯 · 2018-07-06 09:15:24 浏览量 · 469
启德考培精心整理了6月30日托福考题回顾及范文,帮助考生们深入掌握托福各类题型,有效提升托福水平。

  托福阅读部分

  第一篇

  【题材分类】古生物

  【标题】angiosperm

  关于angiosperm的进化发展。它是在一某一个纪出现的,以及这样传播种子的好处,它花期短,但种子在来年就能够发芽;像conifer这样的植物,必须熬过冬天,做一棵多年生植物,因为种子存活率不大。

  第二篇

  【题材分类】历史类

  【标题】mideval towns

  mideval towns 讲了三个理论说中世纪城镇兴起的原因1商人的 route的 diversified商人在的确聚集 bulid walls形成 towns 2和宗教有关系以前的一些教堂人们聚集然后学校兴起 然后需要 service and goods所以商人过来了这三个理论都有一些正确性但是都不全面而且很多城镇是在就城镇的基础上复兴的。

  第三篇

  【题材分类】历史类

  【标题】提取iron的技术

  工业发展需要资金的支持。发展出新的提取iron的技术,用这个来说明是要资金支持的。之前iron工业一直紧靠着油田、运河等地,因为铁路的发展,iron industry最终扩展到伦敦巴黎这些地方,是有原因的,因为他们有流动资金。

  第四篇

  【题材分类】科学类

  【标题】parental frog care

  parental frog care:frog care behavior有五种的常见的type然后说了 parental有 cost and benefits但是具体unknown,说了一些具体的parental details不过有一些negative方面。最后对比了一下说哪些species适合parental care哪些不适合。

  第五篇

  【题材分类】古生物类

  【标题】大灭绝的两个理论

  大灭绝的两个理论:气候原因和人类狩猎。分别对这两个理论提出质疑,气候原因:那时候美洲冰川消融,苔原变成了啥,非洲干旱,澳大利亚森林变成了苔原,导致动物大灭绝。质疑:小动物都迁移了,为什么大动物没有迁移呢?人类狩猎原因:人类登陆之后,动物不适应突然对人入侵。质疑:那时候人类分散居住,大动物遗骸没有发现人类迹象。

  第六篇

  【题材分类】生物类

  【标题】beetle

  关于 beetle的,说climate change导致气候变暖然后beetle breed变长后可以在更多的树上spawn导致beetle变多,然后一种叫spruce tree变少。然后说了spruce变少的negative影响也提到了一些positive影响,最后说了影响要是持续加重的话就无法恢复了。

  第七篇

  【题材分类】生物类

  【标题】Succession of plants

  Succession of plants:一个地方植物种类的更迭因素和规律。一开始被火烧了的森林,一种树长起来,然后其他树长起来,生态稳定,这时候气候才会影响植物种类。

  第八篇

  【题材分类】古生物类

  【标题】美州巨型动物消失原因

  美州巨型动物消失原因,一开始讲亚洲人到美洲捕猎,有一些证据;/然后又说这个说法太简单,肯定还有别的原因:比如干旱啊,一种动物的过分捕杀导致生态系统出问题,一些不被猎杀的生物也灭绝了。然后拿非洲大象说明生物对整个生态系统影响。

  第九篇

  【题材分类】历史类

  【标题】玛雅文明消失的原因

  玛雅文明消失的原因。消失引起很多人的研究兴趣。然后一种说法是人太多,后来一个专家觉得那么多人消失,一定有别的原因,然后讲农业密集耕作和问题,玛雅人没有及时解决,再讲地质证据证明,玛雅文明消失和历史一次大干旱时间相同。

  其他篇目

  生物类:lizard,两种lizard捕食对比,一个是一直坐着,一个是一直活动。讲他们猎物不同,古生物类:他们天敌和应对天敌策略不同,他们身体提供能量方式不同

  古生物类:猛犸象的灭绝历史 讲了一些假设和证据

  生物类:青蛙parental attendance的cost和benefit的研究

  历史类:意大利中世纪城镇兴起原因的三种理论

  生物类:阿拉斯加某种树灭绝的原因、害虫的流行和对生态环境的影响

  托福听力部分

  Conversations

  1.学生去图书馆问为什么网上打不开一个论文的链接。

  2. 学生找教授问language poetry意思。

  3.一个女孩子找professor问课上他没讲完的东西,好像是bio相关,动物speed的?

  4.其他讲座:

  古生物:琥珀化石对于研究古代生物的优势。因为这个东西可以保存有机物,所以能重建过去的生态系统

  科技:bioethanol的制作和优缺点

  天文:太阳黑子和太阳风暴

  农业:农业技术,从水植到空气植株的垂直农业发展

  古生物:amber fossil对于研究古代生物的优势。因为这个东西可以保存有机物,所以能用一种facility理论重建过去的生态系统

  文学:Samuel johnson传记文学风格和理论

  历史:有个theater介绍 italia futurism 。跟传统比这种剧更短。并且是好多演员同时表演,观众会觉得很混乱...

  历史:希腊庙

  托福口语部分

  Task 1

  Your school has decided to cancel the long summer vacation, so students have to attend school all year with some short breaks during holidays. Do you agree or disagree with the decision? Please explain the reasons.

  暑假变成一年几个short breaks是否同意。

【Response】

  I disagree that my school should decide to cancel the long summer vacation. First, students deserve a long break from fulltime schoolwork. Unlike working adults, students work hard and do not get any flex-days or accrued vacation days. Though it is a double standard that adults and most young people do not often question, it has to said: students work hard and deserve a break, just like anybody else. Second, having free time to experiment with activities, to play with friends, and to explore new ideas is central to youthful development. Not everything in life can be learned in books, and “long summer vacations” are actually opportunities to gain life-experience. Short breaks can’t provide young people enough time to discover themselves.

  Task 2

  Group decision is better than individual decision。团队决定比个人决定更wiser是否同意

【Response】

  In my opinion, individual decision-making is better than group decision-making. Foremost, group decision-making will almost always require deliberation. When a group needs to choose one course of action, multiple people will have to voice their opinions and it will take more time to come to a conclusion, as opposed to a single individual’s decisive ability to immediately make the choice and act. Furthermore, group decision-making will likely involve concession of some members. One opinion of a course of action must be chosen over others, and all other opinions must be discarded. This means, unless there is unanimous agreement, some people will not have their choice reflected in the actions of the groups, usually minority opinion-holders who may have less power.

  Task 3

  Training orientation和毕业典礼冲突了怎么办?

  Task 4

  学生写信建议学校开设summer Book clubs,因为学生有时间二学生可以借此社交。男生表示不同意,因为一没时间,二其他活动可以参与。

  Task 5

  illusion of control例子很难讲,就是两组被试去开开关,其实灯是控制好的。第一组没奖励,第二组有奖励,第二组有奖励就会觉得自己开开关决定了灯亮。

  Task 6

  两种小动物变大吓跑天敌的方法。第一个是鱼喝海水,然后身体膨胀,鲨鱼就跑了;第二是蜘蛛,可以融合在网里,显得自己腿很长很粗很大,吓走鸟

  托福写作部分

  1. Integrated Writing 综合写作


托福写作


  2.Independent Writing独立写作

[Question]

  Some people have ambitious dreams and keep pursuing them, but other people always focus on realistic goals and try to achieve them. Which do you think is better and why?

[Response]


  Having big goals in life is paramount to a life with any definition of success: if you don’t know where you are going, any road is a good enough one. The bigger the goal is, the better. A dream is just a very large goal if someone is serious about achieving it. I think it is better to pursue ambitious dreams as opposed to merely achieving realistic goals for that reason. Go big.

  To begin, properly pursuing any dream will require satisfying many smaller, realistic goals. Once the dream is decided, the method of achieving it comes into focus by breaking it down into smaller parts. For example, if Joe’s dream is to become the best DJ in his city, he needs to, first, develop his DJ skills. This may take years, and he may need to finish school or work unsatisfying jobs while he pushes himself everyday to learn what he loves. Then, he needs to market himself as an artist: getting gigs at clubs, parties, and events. Maybe he needs a manager or a record label deal. Finally, he should make products and music that sell, funding his career. All three of these steps are complicated and take a lot of work. They, too, should be broken down into smaller, more realistic goals until he satisfies one of his dreams.

  More importantly, having a dream gives life direction and purpose. A dream is the origin of smaller, realistic goals in a direction, but without any personal dreams, there is no reason to fight for goals in the first place. Without dreams, all achieved goals are arbitrary, and so is the direction of the dreamless person’s life. Imagine a man who is motivated and works hard to accomplish realistic goals in his life. He has other people’s expectations of him; he has the normal path of life that is prescribed by society: go to school, get a job, work hard, have a family; he has the random circumstances of daily life that call him to action. This man can do all these things and do them well, but without a dream, his life is not his own. He is a product of others, of society, and of circumstance. Life has purpose when you decide how to live it your way.

  It is better to have dreams and direction in life than it is to merely accomplish goals. If you set out on a purposeful road, you never know how far it may take you or where you may find yourself.

  以上就是启德考培小编分享的6月30日托福考题回顾及范文内容,如果想了解更多关于托福考题相关信息,请关注启德考培广州分校平台,免费获取备考提分解决方案,或欢迎 点击这里 进行网络咨询,我们会给您提供专业的服务。最后,预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。

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