The last several decades has witnessed a huge shift in job opportunities from the industrial world to the developed world. Additionally, the rise of an industrial base in many developing countries has seen major demographic changes in those countries. As a result, traditional communities have been broken up as people leave their hometowns in search of work further afield.
The main cause of the decimation of traditional communities has undoubtedly been the growth of the global economy. As work chances move from one country to another in a rapidly changing economic sphere, so too does the workforce. Jobs which once existed on the perimeter of Swansea or Chicago have now shifted Bangalore and Calcutta. As a result, citizens of all countries have to leave behind their old communities and go off in search of new employment opportunities.
Many solutions to this trend have been put forward, including protectionist trade tariffs and caps on migration. Perhaps one of the more practical solutions to the impact of globalisation on communities is to introduce some kind of impact fund, whereby the state subsidises the economic losses suffered by communities as a result of the labour force drain. In that sense, economically deprived areas receive an injection of state cash to invest in local initiatives designed to generate growth and create jobs.
Globalisation is an irreversible trend and any attempts to challenge this will likely have severe economic consequences for the whole world. Instead, it makes more sense for national governments to look at distributing the profits of global growth in a way that benefits all citizens as opposed to a few.