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2018年8月25日SAT写作考试回顾
资讯 · 2018-08-30 10:31:24 浏览量 · 399
启德考培小编为各位考生带来2018年8月25日SAT写作考试回顾,希望对大家考试有所帮助。

  虽然跟新SAT两年来的相处,爱恨情仇不谈了,大家也算是比较了解其秉性的熟人了。虽说CB有偶尔使用旧题的毛病,但像这次这般彻头彻尾地使用亚洲区的考试旧题,还是跌破了很多的人的眼睛,圈内很多人都在传这次1600分会大面积爆发。不过本文只做回忆,不做批判。


8月25日SAT北美考试回顾


  SAT写作部分

  题目偏简单,所有的分析手法都比较常规,总体文章偏简单。

  题目: Are Urban Trees Worth It?

  作者: Scott Steen

  来源: Guardian News,September 30,2014

  这次选用的话题又是考生普遍熟悉的环保话题,从文章难度来说,文章简单易懂,几乎没有生词;从写作思路来说, 与2016年11月那篇同为环保话题的“Bad for birds, bad for all” 以及2018年3月北美考题 “Our Failing Weather infrastructure”论述方式相似;从分析要素来说,数字、例子、对比以及emotive language很丰富,相信很多同学都能感到顺心应手。

  1 Some people don’t love trees as much as they used to. After the severe storms we have had this year, including Hurricane Sandy, city trees can seem like a dangerous liability. Are urban trees worth the risk they pose to houses, cars and people when a violent storm comes through?

  2 Urban environments are tough on trees. Street trees are often boxed in without enough room for healthy roots or they don’t have a sufficient water supply to sustain them. Branches on street trees can be broken by buses or trucks that travel or park too close, or they can be damaged by overly aggressive pruning. The damage often goes unreported, and the trees weaken. High winds can bring those branches — or the trunk itself — down on cars, houses or power lines.

  文章用广大读者熟悉的Hurricane Sandy作为引子,用一个rhetorical question来引起读者思考;紧接着,作者引出了市政当局的错误做法。

  3 But there is another side to it, too. Trees are green infrastructure. Unlike gray infrastructure — concrete and metal sewers, pipes, bridges, sidewalks — trees are an investment that increases in value throughout their lifetime, which can last a lot longer than concrete.

  这一段告诉我们市政当局对树的投资是有回报的。

  4In Baltimore, Md., it’s estimated that a single tree provides $57,000 in economic and environmental benefits over its lifetime. In a single year, Baltimore’s canopy provides

  $3.3 million in energy savings.

  5Portland, Ore., is planting 83,000 trees as part of its five-year, $55 million Grey to Green program, to help solve its sewage and stormwater run-off problems.

  6In Austin, Texas, it’s estimated that the city’s trees have the potential to store up to 100,000 tons of CO2 per year.

  7The state of Indiana’s street trees provide approximately $79 million annually in environmental and economic benefits. In the capital, Indianapolis, this equals $6.6 million in benefits just from street trees alone.

  第4-7段引用了很多例子和数字,说明了美国全境,很多州都很重视绿植,各州都有大量投资。

  8The list of other benefits trees in cities provide is long — from removing CO2 from the air, cleaning water and providing habitat for wildlife. But in urban environments, the benefits to people individually and society as a whole extend to social, physical and economic well-being.

  9People are happier and healthier in cities with more trees. Greener urban areas are connected to healthier and more social interactions between adults and children, as well as lower levels of graffiti, property crimes and violent crimes. According to one major study, public housing buildings surrounded by trees had 52 percent fewer total crimes, 48 percent fewer property crimes and 56 percent fewer violent crimes than buildings with few trees. Tall, dense trees with soft ground surfaces can reduce city noise by 50 percent or more.

  10Cities trees have also been shown to have significant health benefits. Research on more than 3,000 inner-city children in the United States showed that those who could easily reach a greenspace had less stress and a lower body mass. Among children living in neighborhoods with street trees, there is a lower prevalence of early childhood asthma.

  第8-10段在说绿植带来的benefits, 这里再次引用了大量的facts和数据。

  11But just as our urban trees are working for us, we need to work for them. As trees in urban forests get larger and provide greater benefits, like any infrastructure, they also get older and may require greater care to keep both them and us safe. Cities must provide adequate funding, crews and staff to keep our trees healthy. But in terms of the services they provide to the city, they are one of the few infrastructure investments that also grows in value.

  第11段 用but一词,标志着logical turning point, 呼吁城市市政要重视绿植的价值,增加拨款,雇佣专业人员。

  12Eighty percent of the U.S. population lives in urban areas. Over the next 50 years, the population in cities is projected to increase substantially. Urban forests will become even more critical to ensure healthy and livable communities.

  更多的理由,试图说服市政当局要加大投资。

  13With extreme weather occurring with greater frequency, city governments must start investing in urban forests now to mitigate problems in the future. This investment includes long-term, consistent maintenance plans; funding to support jobs for maintenance crews and specialists to monitor and care for trees; and strong ordinances and codes to ensure that planners and developers incorporate trees and greenspace. If we care for our cities’ trees, they will give back to us tenfold. It’s an important investment in our future. Are they worth the risk? Well, we can’t live without them.

  呼吁市政当局要加大绿植投资,并提供了一些solution, 用rhetorical question结尾,提醒我们忽视这个问题的代价。

  以上是启德考培小编和大家分享的SAT备考资料,希望对大家的SAT考试给予帮助。如果想了解更多相关信息,请关注启德考培昆明分校平台,免费获取备考提分解决方案,或欢迎 点击这里 进行网络咨询,我们会给您提供专业的服务。最后,预祝大家能在SAT考试中取得理想中的成绩。

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