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备考SAT写作,避免使用不完整或冗长的句式

2019-10-09 10:58:03浏览量:342

很多同学拿不到SAT写作的高分一直很苦恼。接下来启德考培小编给大家介绍一下在备考SAT写作的时候大家应该注意的问题,还希望能给大家带来帮助。

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  很多同学拿不到SAT写作的高分一直很苦恼。接下来启德考培小编给大家介绍一下在备考SAT写作的时候大家应该注意的问题,还希望能给大家带来帮助。

  一、避免使用俚语和口语

  尽量避免在正式的写作中使用俚语和口语,因为它们使用并不普遍,所以极易使读者误解作者要表达的意思。例如:

  错误:She plays a wicked game of tennis.

  正确:She excels in tennis.

  错误:John has been doing a science for years.

  正确:John has been a scientist for years.

  错误:The blackened salmon’s been one of the restaurant’s most popular entrees.

  正确:The blackened salmon has been one of the restaurant’s most popular entrees.

  稍作思考,你就会选择正确的用法。注意要坚持使用标准用法,抛弃非正式场合用语以及表述不清晰的缩写等用法。备考中注意总结SAT写作题目。

  二、避免使用不完整或冗长的句式

  不完整的句式没有独立的从句;而冗长的句式则有两个以上的从句,而这若干从句之间并没有恰当地衔接。一些SAT写作培训班的老师也会这样教育大家。这两种错误都是我们应该努力避免的,具体做法如下。

  不完整的句式

  正式写作中的每句话都必须有独立从句。所谓独立从句,就是包含主语、谓语,并且不以下述连词作为句子开头:

  After if than whenever although in order that though where as provided that unless whether because since until while before so that

  错误:Global warming. This is what the scientists and journalists are worried about.

  正确:Global warming is the cause of concern for scientists and journalists.

  注意,以并列连词——and、but、or、nor和for作为单句的开头,则是可以接受的。例如:

  正确:Most people would agree that indigent patients should receive wonderful health care. But every treatment has its price.

  冗长的句式

  在时间紧张的情况下,不少学生写出来的句子没有标点连接,或者只有逗号。例如:

  Current insurance practices are unfair they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.

  我们有三种修改方法:

  1)标注句号:Current insurance practices are unfair. They discriminate against the people who need insurance most.

  这样,一个独立的句子就变成几个独立的从句。

  2)标注分号:Current insurance practices are unfair; they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.利用分号把具有独立意义的句式分开,但同时向读者表明句子表示的含义之间存在一定联系。

  3)利用连词:Current insurance practices are unfair in that they discriminate against the people who need insurance most.这也是最有效的修改方法,从句仍然是独立的,同时也表明了从句之间的联系。

  出现冗长句式还有一个原因,就是误用however、nevertheless、furthermore、likewise、therefore等副词。例如:

  错误:Current insurance practices are discriminatory, furthermore they make insurance too expensive for the poor.

  正确:Current insurance practices are discriminatory. Furthermore, they make insurance too expensive for the poor.

  三、 正确使用标点符号

  1.逗号

  请遵循以下4大规则:

  1.用逗号分开系列成分。如果有2个以上相同成分,则应用逗号分开;例如:

  My recipe for buttermilk biscuits contains flour, soda and buttermilk.

  2. 使用逗号来分开插入从句和短语;例如:

  Gordon, who is a writer by profession, bakes an excellent cheesecake.

  3.在引导性分词或介词短语后使用逗号;例如:

  After the banquet, Harold and Martha went dancing.

  4.利用逗号来分开连词连接的独立从句。例如:

  Susan’s old car has been belching blue smoke from the tailpipe for two weeks, but it has not broken down yet.

  2.分号

  请遵循以下2大规则:

  1.使用分号而不是并列连词来连接两个含义紧密的独立从句;例如:

  Whooping cranes are an endangered species; they are unlikely to survive if we continue to pollute.

  2. therefore、nevertheless和moreover等词连接的独立从句可用分号隔开。(sat)例如:

  The staff meeting has been postponed until next Thursday; therefore, I will be unable to get approval for my project until then.

  3.冒号

  请遵循以下3大规则:

  1.在正式的写作中,冒号的作用仅在于表明其后是对前面所述内容的详细说明、定义、解释或过去发生事情的概述。冒号之前一般是独立从句,并且通常情况下有as follows、the following、namely或like等提示短语。例如:

  正确:Your instructions are as follows: read the passage carefully, answer the questions on the last page, and turn over your answer sheet.

  2.动词和直接宾语间不要放冒号。例如:

  错误:I want: a slice of pizza and a small green salad.

  正确:This is what I want: A slice of pizza and a small green salad.

  3.如果前后两句话有如上所述的紧密关系,即使没有上述表示这层关系的短语,也可使用冒号,并且在这种情况下,句号也可用。例如:

  正确:We were aghast: The “charming country inn” that had been advertised in such glowing terms proved to be a leaking cabin full of mosquitoes.

  有关于SAT写作备考中需要注意的问题小编就给大家介绍到这里了。更多备考内容请访问启德考培官网。

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