1.negligible 可以忽略的 negligent 疏忽的
(1)She was taxed with negligence/with having been negligent.
(2)The damage to my car is negligible.
2.snob (snobbish) 势利(的) smug 自满的
Snob: one who blatantly imitates, fawningly admires, or vulgarly seeks association with those regarded as social superiors, 势利的小人。。。。中国太多了
(1) One academic who has studied and written extensively about Plato and television suggests that Plato, rather than being anti-arts, was merely an elitist. Plato wanted to ban poetry readings and live theater, the argument goes, because, being free and accessible and raucous and extremely popular, they were the mass entertainment of that era.
Question: The “academic” indicates that Plato was primarily characterized by his
(2)Political figures who appear to be stanch supporters of the interests of the general public may not always be the__ they purport to be, but rather__ who favor selected groups that provide significant campaign benefactions.
A. demagogues, mavericks
B. conservatives, anarchists
C. populists, elitists
D. moderates, reactionaries
E. partisans, snobs
Smug：marked by excessive complacency or self-satisfaction 相当的自以为是。。。
EG: It was interesting to be in the quite old town once more, and it was not disagreeable to be hare and there suddenly recognized and stared after. One or two of the tradespeople even darted out of their shops, and went a little way down the street before me, that they might turn, as if they had forgotten something, and pass me face to face—on which occasions I don’t know whether they or I made the worse pretence; they of not doing it, or I of not seeing it. Still, my position was a distinguished one, and I was not at all dissatisfied with it, until Fate threw me in the way of that unlimited miscreant, Trabb’s boy.
Question: The first paragraph of the passage implies that the narrator felt
A. apathetic and helpless at being a stranger in town
B. distanced and smug toward the townspeople
C. bored and unimportant in a provincial town
D. confused and disoriented on a busy street
E. nostalgic and proud on returning to his hometown
3. salvage 救捞 salvation 拯救
(1)After all of the passengers were safely aboard lifeboats, the crew of the King Cruiser made every attempt to__ what scuba diving equipment they could off of the__ dive boat before it sank.
(A) qualify, obsolete
(B) salvage, floundering
(C) exacerbate, defunct
(D) revitalize, prosperous
(E) commandeer, lucrative
(2)Was not Europe in its groping era of discovery in the fifteenth century in fact in search of salvation, as its morbid sonnets said, or of that regeneration which new lands and new peoples and of course new riches would be presumed to provide?
4. momentous significant paramount 都表示重要的
Momentous 重要的，重大的 paramount极为重要的
Momentary 瞬间的 surmount 克服，越过
5. imminent 即将发生的，eminent 杰出的，prominent 杰出的，优秀的
(1) 语法题: When the ship was in eminent peril of being wrecked，all the crews of the ship
A B C
dived into the cold water, where died most of them. No error
(2) Renowned buildings such as “Falling water” and the eminent Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City___ Frank Lloyd Wright as one of the most__ architect of the 20th century.
(A) buoyed, irrelevant
(B) established, prominent
(C) surrendered, prolific
(D) decried, cynical
(E) categorized, mundane
6.Dread 恐惧的，可怕的 dreary 沉闷的
(1)Although the news he reported was__, the anchorman remained calm, keeping his fear from his expression.
(2) It was so agreeable to her to see him again, and hear him to talk, to have her ear amused and her whole comprehension filled by his narratives, that she began particularly to feel how dreadfully she must have missed him, and how impossible it would have been for her to bear a lengthened absence.