例一：Paragraph 4 (line 29-37):Yawning can also be a Sign of stress in humans. Once, when observing airborne troops about to take their first parachute jump, I noticed that several of the soldiers were sitting in the plane and yawning. It was 10 A.M., just after a research is a time-consuming coffee break, and I doubted that they were tired; I knew for a fact that they were far too nervous to be bored. When I asked about this, the officer in charge laughed and said it primarily was really quite a common behavior, especially on the first jump.
15. The author uses which of the following in the fourth paragraph (lines 29-37) ?
讲解：这道题很简单，作者通过叙述自己的一件亲身经历的事情来证明段落开头的分论点即“Yawning can also be a Sign of stress in humans”所以作者在这里所运用的就是E项 ANECDOTE(轶事)。
例二：Passage 1 (line 3-9)
For millennia, parents have recognized the newborn s basic need for safety, nourishment, warmth, and nurturing. Now science has added stunning revelations about human development from birth to age three., confining that parents and other adult caregivers play a critical role in influencing a child’s development.
9. Lines 3-9 of Passage 1 ("For millennia ... development") draw a parallel between
(A) traditional practices and contemporary critiques
(B) basic human needs and intellectual endeavors
(C) widespread beliefs and scientific findings
(D) parental anxieties and developmental advances
(E) experimental hypotheses and proven theories
例三：Passage 2 (line 46-56)
Doctors, architects, executives, consultants, receptionists, and lawyers all manage to survive economically without "owning" their cognition. I take further comfort in the fact that the human species managed to produce pretty decent creative work during the 5,000 years that preceded 1710, when the Statute of Anne, the world’s first modem copyright law, passed the British parliament. Sophocles, Dante, da Vinci, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Newton, Cervantes, Bach-- all found reasons to get out of bed in the morning without expecting to own the works they created.
15. The use of the phrase "pretty decent" in Passage 2 (line 50) conveys
(A) solemn detachment
(B) cheerful celebration
(C) ironic understatement
(D) lingering doubt
(E) reluctant approval
Uncle: Take care! take care! (warning her with voice and hand that trembled alike.)
Niece: Why? What shadow of power have you over me? Why should I fear you?
Uncle: Take care, madam!
Niece: Scrupulous care I will take, Mr. Sympson. Before I marry, I am resolved to esteem--to admire—to love.
14. In lines 80-82 ("Scrupulous...love"), Miss Keeldar deflects the warning from Mr. Sympson by
(A) deliberately misunderstanding his meaning
(B) scornfully turning the blame back on him
(C) childishly mocking the tone of his comment
(D) lamenting his failure to sympathize with her
(E) justifying her previously sensible behavior