1. abandon: foster/adopt 放弃：采用/采纳
(1) The novelist shocked his editor by__ the book on which he had been working for seven years and starting over.
(2) Although the political candidate was__ by her admirers, she__ her campaign before the first debate was held.
(A) supported, abandoned
(B) lauded, illuminated
(C) denounced, criticized
(D) disdained, subverted
(E) bolstered, retaliated
(3) Most students do not start from point zero, but from minus zero, and in the process are often required to abandon cherished childhood fantasies of superheroes or larger-than-life villains.
在sat考试当中，目前只考察了abandon表示“放弃”(give up something completely or forever),abandon这个义项的程度非常强，即“放弃”程度是最高的。
2.abate: augment/ intensify减少：增加/加强
3. abbreviate: extend 缩写:扩充
Convinced by critics that his play was too verbose, Johnson__ the third act, making it more___.
(A) expanded, concise
(B) curtailed, prolix
(C) promulgated, insouciant
(D) abbreviated, succinct
(E) fostered, pliant
4.aberrant: normal/ typical 异常的:正常的/典型的
If such a gene occurs on a sex-determining (X or Y) chromosome, then highly aberrant sex ratios can occur.
5.abet: impede/obstruct/thwart 协助:阻碍
(1)Abet：assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing。所以翻译为“教唆”太合适了!
Critics of the welfare system argue that, rather that adding people’s efforts to govern their own lives, it____ their independence.
(A) supports (B) saps (C) hastens (D) renews (E) abet
Adding people’s efforts to govern their own lives<> abet their independence
Dangerously high winds___ attempts to begin the space shuttle mission on schedule, delaying the launch by nearly a week.