At a time when partisanship seems to lead most every story in politics, it's worth highlighting as weeping bipartisan push that's lasted four decades.
Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama have allmade the same pledge to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. And yet at the end of eachadministration so far, imports have been higher than before.
The pledge seems to have meant little—until now. By the time President Obama leaves office, oil imports will be lower and this trend will continue. And to be fair, it's not all thanks to Obama.
Decreased dependence on foreign oil is the cumulative result of many events that set the stage for natural gas. Government policies since the 1970s funded advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (already available since the 1930s and 1950s respectively). Later, high gas prices provided market incentives to locate new wells on private lands utilizingthese technologies. Most recently, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 excluded hydraulic fracturing from underground injection regulations. It's a rare instance in which markets, government, and technology worked together with a common goal. And succeeded.
As a result, the energy transition is now in play, but most people haven't noticed yet. In fact, Dr. Michael Webber, Deputy Director of the Energy Institute at The University of Texas atAustin, predicts natural gas will overtake petroleum as the dominant energy source in theU.S. within 10-20 years. Perhaps when this occurs and we finally achieve that famous political pledge to "reduce dependence on foreign oil," more Americans will recognize the significanceof what's taking place.
What does the underlined word "overtake" mean?
Choice D is the best answer. In this context, "overtake" most nearly means "pass by." Michael Webber's prediction that "natural gas will overtake petroleum as the dominant energy source" means that he thinks natural gas usage will actually pass by petroleum usage, or that natural gas will be used more than petroleum.
dominant['dɔminənt]adj. 占优势的，主导的，显性的 n. 主宰
locate[ləu'keit]vt. 把 ... 设置在，使坐落于，找出
horizontal[.hɔri'zɔntl]adj. 水平的，横的 n. 水平线，水平面
haven['heivn]n. 港口，避难所，安息所 v. 安置 ... 于港中，
director[di'rektə, dai'rektə]n. 董事，经理，主管，指导者，导演