Speaking Independent Tasks口语独立题
Ø Task 1
Usually at the end of the semester students are asked to evaluate their professors’ teaching. What do you think are the advantages and/or disadvantages of this? Give your specific explanations in your response.
There’re probably a lot of good and bad things about students evaluating their teachers at the end of the semester.
One advantage is that it probably helps teachers to improve their teaching style. This is probably especially true for new teachers. For example, in high school I had one brand new teacher in history class. He was a really good teacher, except he spoke too fast and people couldn’t understand what he said. If we had evaluations, we could tell him that he spoke too fast and he could easily fix the problem.
But one disadvantage to evaluating teachers is that some students don’t know what makes a good teacher. I know some students don’t like my math teacher because she gives a lot of homework, but I think she’s a great teacher.
Ø Task 2
Some people have emotional attachments to old things, such as old clothes, old books and toys they played in their childhood, so they would prefer to keep them as long as possible; while some people don’t have such attachments and prefer to throw out old things, which one is your habit and why?
I definitely do keep around some items that have sentimental value, but usually they’re pretty small things that are easy to pack away in a cupboard or something.
The biggest example is I keep a lot of journals from when I was younger. They’re just simple diary entries about how my day was going, what I was feeling, or what I was planning to do with my life. I keep them because whenever I read those books, they help me to remember things that I might have forgotten about otherwise.
On top of that, every time I travel somewhere, I always buy some small trinket that helps me to remember the whole trip. Like when I went to France I bought a little keychain of the Eifel Tower and every time I look at that keychain, I remember the entire trip to France.
Writing Independent Task写作独立题
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
The most important problems affecting our society today could be solved within our lifetime.
The world faces significant problems these days. Some of the problems are new problems we’ve never experienced before, like climate change. Other problems are as old as civilization, like inequality between the rich and the poor. Many people expect that we can fix these problems within this generation’s lifetime, but I disagree. I think we will not find solutions within this generation.
First, we won’t be able to solve climate change in our lifetimes because we don’t even understand it yet. I recently read an article that said the climate is changing faster than expected and we don’t yet know why. We don’t even understand the problem, so how could we possibly fix it? On top of that, most of the world’s economies still run on the type of fuel that causes climate change. It will take a long time to understand climate change and a long time to change the kind of energy, so I don’t think we’ll fix this problem in our lifetimes.
While climate change is a new problem, other problems like wealth inequality are very old and still very unlikely to improve. In fact, I think we won’t fix wealth inequality in my lifetime because the problem is actually getting worse. Over the last twenty years, the rich have gotten much richer, but the average person has not improved their status in many countries. I believe this is mostly because of technology. Companies nowadays need fewer employees, but the company can still have the same—or better—production. We haven’t been able to fix this problem in previous generations, and we certainly won’t fix it in my lifetime.
The final, and most important, reason that we won’t solve society’s most important problems in my lifetime is that we don’t seem to be good at solving any problems at all; instead, we’re only creating more problems as society advances. There was a time in the distant past when the average person could have a patch of land to farm, so they were able to provide a comfortable, healthy life for themselves and their family. Instead of living comfortably on our own land now, we have to work most of our lives in office buildings so that we can afford to pay for small apartments in polluted cities. Furthermore, massive companies now control farms, and they produce genetically modified food that’s unhealthy to eat. The unhealthy food makes us sick, and though we’ve discovered amazing medicine, we’ve made it impossible for the average person to afford that medicine. Society is only creating problems, not solving them.
In the end, I strongly disagree with the original statement. I do not believe that we can solve society’s major problems within our lifetime. Hopefully the next generation can do better.
to face significant problems 面临重大/严重的问题
climate change 气候变化
inequality between the rich and the poor 贫富之间的不平等
within this generation’s lifetime 在这一代人的一生中
to run on the type of fuel 使用这种燃料
to improve their status 提高他们的地位
to fix this problem 解决这个问题
in the distant past 在遥远的过去
a patch of land 一小块儿土地
to afford to pay for 支付得起
genetically modified food 转基因食品
1. I recently read an article that said the climate is changing faster than expected and we don’t yet know why.
句型“I recently read an article that said…”可以用来表达“我最近读过一篇文章，文章中说道……”。
2. Instead of living comfortably on our own land now, we have to work most of our lives in office buildings so that we can afford to pay for small apartments in polluted cities.
“Instead of”作为介词短语后面要用动词“-ing”形式，该词组即可用于句首也可用于句中。此外主句中包含了“so that”这样的目的状语从句，意思是“为了、以便”。
3. Society is only creating problems, not solving them.
Ø The final, and most important, reason that I think we won’t solve society’s most important problems in my lifetime is that we don’t seem to be good at solving any problems at all; instead, we’re only creating more problems as society advances.
首先，作为主体段的最后一段，如果想要说明重要性可以在段首加入“and most important”。其次，作为段落中心句，为了能够起到强调并引人关注的作用，我们使用了主语从句“reason that…”和表语从句“…(is) that…”。最后，该段落中心句使用了“not…, only…”的结构，值得注意的是，句子的重点仍旧是“only”之后的内容。
Ø In the end, I strongly disagree with the original statement.
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