>>>> 1. on top of something: 掌控
句子：I just got a little behind, you know, sports and homework. But I’m on top of things now.
英文解释：in command or control of
更多例句：He couldn’t get on top of his work.
on top of 这个短语还有in addition to的意思，也是托福听力中常考的一个意思
例句：On top of everything else he is a brilliant linguist.
>>>> 2. satisfy one’s curiosity：满足某人的好奇心
句子: Peale and other painters of this era used still-life painting as a way of exploring the natural world and satisfying their curiosity about nature.
英文解释：to fulfill the need, desire, or expectation of
更多例句: The cold drink satisfied with my thirst.
>>>> 3. start over: 重新开始
句子：I had to start over.
英文解释：make a new beginning
更多例句： Could you face going back to school and starting over?
>>>> 4. throw off: 使…失败
句子：The still-life really is not just about the subject matter. If you make a really cluttered composition with too much going on, it can throw off your painting.
英文解释：to throw someone or something off means to cause them to make a mistake or to fail
更多例句：There was an ambiguity in the question that threw me off.
>>>> 5. keep something in place: 让…保持在原地
句子: the trees also help keep the soil on the banks of the stream in place.
解释：To physically hold or force someone to stay in a particular space or area.
英文例句：Keep the kids in the house while I try to scare off this raccoon.
>>>> 6. on consignment：寄售
句子：They sell items on consignment.
英文解释： having been given to an agent or shop to sell, with proceeds only going to the consignor after a successful sale
更多例句：She sells her homemade clothing on consignment in a number of different boutique shops around the city.
>>>> 7. pay something up front: 提前支付
句子：But they wouldn’t pay you anything up front if that’s what you want.
英文解释：paid or due in advance
更多例句：The salesmen are paid commission up front.
>>>> 8. up to: 到…
句子：But we’re continuing to find new evidence that in certain areas Mayan civilization flourished right up to the end of the Postclassic period
英文解释：as far as
更多例句：I could reach up to his waist.
up to 这个短语也是有多个意思，在托福听力中常考。
1) indicating a maximum amount.
例句：the process is expected to take up to two years.
2) good enough for
I was not up to her standards.
He is simply not up to the job.
3) the responsibility or choice of someone
例句：It was up to them to gauge the problem.
4) occupied or busy with
例句：A real poker player would quickly realize what you were up to and stop falling for it.
1. up to: 到…, 高达，胜任，忙于
2. pay something up front: 提前支付
3. on consignment: 寄售
4. keep something in place: 让…保持在原地
5. throw off: 使…失败
6. start over: 重新开始
7. satisfy one’s curiosity: 满足某人的好奇心
8. on top of something: 掌控