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GRE作文从读懂题目指令做起

2019-12-23 13:46:05浏览量:704

GRE作文从读懂题目指令做起

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  GRE作文怎样才能得高分?很多考生认为GRE写作是一个难点,忒别是issue不知如何作答。事实上,很多同学忽略了题目给出的重要信息。要知道如何提高GRE作文,首先我们要了解GRE写作题目中出现的不同指令及解题方法。

  Issue有六种题目指令:

  指令1:

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider waysin which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

  指令2:

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describespecific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

  指令3:

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons or examples that could be used tochallenge your position.

  指令4:

  Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented above.

  指令5:

  Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim AND the reason on which that claim is based.

  指令6:

  Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy above and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

  这六种GRE作文题目指令侧重各有不同,但相通之处为:要求考生考虑到不同角度,不同情况,不同条件,抑或是不同的结果,不同的立场。在观点立场上不是一刀切式的支持或反对,而是调和性的占比,即对一个话题的观点可以是完全同意/反对,部分同意/反对, 观点是内容正负占比的外在呈现。

  Argument题目指令有八种:

  1.Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

  2.Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions, and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

  3.Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

  4.Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the advice.

  5.Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

  6.Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction.

  7.Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be addressed in order to decide whether the conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to the questions would help to evaluate the conclusion.

  8.Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

  这8种GRE写作题目指令,实则可以归为4大类(evidence类、assumption类、question类、explanation类)。但不论是哪一类,实则都包含了加强或削弱已有论证。论证的加强与否取决于:论据evidence的有无,假设assumption得以证实与否,所提问题答案的肯定与否,其它解释存在与否。因此,Argument并非一边倒式的批评,而是公平客观的正负评价,加强削弱皆可。


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